Alle bronnen

Inhoudsopgave

De thee kennisbank heeft strikte richtlijnen voor brononderzoek. Alle informatie in de thee kennisbank is geverifieerd en er word zoveel mogelijk gebruik gemaakt van peer-reviewed onderzoeken van onderzoekers en data van betrouwbare bronnen. Deze bronnen kun je hierbeneden per artikel raadplegen.

Bronnen: Thee in Nederland #

  1. Tea consumption per capita worldwide by country, 2016 | Statista. (2022, January 13). Statista. https://www.statista.com/statistics/507950/global-per-capita-tea-consumption-by-country/ 
  2. Rapportage nationaal koffie en thee onderzoek. (2022). Koffiethee. https://koffiethee.nl/publicaties 
  3. Ministerie van Volksgezondheid, Welzijn en Sport. (2018, August 21). Thee – Achtergronddocument bij Richtlijnen goede voeding 2015. Advies | Gezondheidsraad. https://www.gezondheidsraad.nl/documenten/adviezen/2015/11/04/thee-achtergronddocument-bij-richtlijnen-goede-voeding-2015 

Bronnen: De Nederlandse theecultuur  #

  1.  De Nationale Thee Database 2023

Bronnen: Nederlanders in de thee geschiedenis #

  1. Rappaport, E. (2017). A thirst for empire. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctvc77m6j
  2. Gascoyne, K., Marchand, F., Desharnais, J., & Américi, H. (2011b). Tea: history, terroirs, varieties. http://ci.nii.ac.jp/ncid/BB19188217
  3. Rappaport, E. (2017). A thirst for empire. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctvc77m6j

Bronnen: Belangrijke ontwikkelingen in de recente geschiedenis #

  1. Pettigrew, J., & Richardson, B. (2008). Tea classified: A Tealover’s Companion. Anova Books.
  2. International tea market: Market situation, prospects and emerging issues. (n.d.). Good and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. https://www.fao.org/3/cc0238en/cc0238en.pdf
  3. The Global Tea Market Is Experiencing Rapid Growth, Per New Report. (2023, May 10). World Tea News. https://www.worldteanews.com/issues-trends/global-tea-market-experiencing-rapid-growth-new-report 
  4. Julie Crick, Michigan State University Extension. (2017). Vanilla is a forest industry by-product. MSU Extension. https://www.canr.msu.edu/news/vanilla_is_a_forest_industry_by_product

Bronnen: Thee online #

  1. Find Your Campaign Keywords with Keyword Planner – Google Ads. (n.d.). https://ads.google.com/home/tools/keyword-planner/

Bronnen: De theeplant #

  1.  Gascoyne, K., Marchand, F., Desharnais, J., & AmĂ©rici, H. (2011). Tea: history, terroirs, varieties. http://ci.nii.ac.jp/ncid/BB19188217

Bronnen: Gezonde en duurzame thee #

  1.  Teng, S. (2022b). Demystifying pesticides in Chinese tea. Tea Drunk. https://www.teadrunk.com/blogs/educational-articles/demystifying-pesticides-in-chinese-tea 
  2.  Hazarika, L. K., Bhuyan, M. K., & Hazarika, B. N. (2009). Insect pests of tea and their management. Annual Review of Entomology, 54(1), 267–284. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ento.53.103106.093359 
  3.  Tang, G., Meng, X., Gan, R., Zhao, C., Liu, Q., Feng, Y., Li, S., Wei, X., Atanasov, A. G., Corke, H., & Li, H. (2019b). Health functions and related molecular mechanisms of tea components: An update review. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20(24), 6196. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20246196 
  4.  Ye, J., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., Hong, L., Jia, X., Kang, J., Lin, S., Wu, Z., & Wang, H. (2022). Improvement of soil acidification in tea plantations by long-term use of organic fertilizers and its effect on tea yield and quality. Frontiers in Plant Science, 13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2022.1055900 

Bronnen: De zes theesoorten (het productieproces van thee) #

  1.   Gebely, T. (2019, February 21). Nuances of tea Classification · Tea Epicure. Tea Epicure. https://teaepicure.com/nuances-of-tea-classification/ 
  2. Gascoyne, K., Marchand, F., Desharnais, J., & AmĂ©rici, H. (2011). Tea: history, terroirs, varieties. http://ci.nii.ac.jp/ncid/BB19188217 

Bronnen: Thee met smaak- en geurstoffen (flavoring en scenting) #

  1. Dietz, W. (2023). Spill The Tea: Unveiling The Mysteries Of Blended, Flavored, And Herbal Teas. William Dietz.

Bronnen: De verpakkingswijzen van thee #

  1.  Rappaport, E. (2017). A thirst for empire. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctvc77m6j 
  2. First tea bag. (2023, June 11). A Thirst for Firsts. https://www.athirstforfirsts.co.uk/post/first-tea-bag 

Bronnen: Kruidenthee (geen theesoort) #

  1.  Bijdendijk, W., & Bijdendijk, J. (2022). Plantkracht: het heilzame plantenboek.

Bronnen: De theelanden en gebieden #

  1.  TEA | FAO | Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (n.d.). https://www.fao.org/markets-and-trade/commodities/tea/en/ 

Bronnen: Thee en geur (de neus) #

  1.  Taste-Smell Connection – Science World. (2020, June 30). Science World. https://www.scienceworld.ca/resource/taste-smell-connection/

Bronnen: Het aroma complex van thee (thee chemi) #

  1.  Ho, C., Zheng, X., & Li, S. (2015). Tea aroma formation. Food Science and Human Wellness, 4(1), 9–27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fshw.2015.04.001 

Bronnen: De neus, mond en het aroma complex #

  1.  Humans can identify more than 1 trillion smells. (2020, 7 mei). National Institutes of Health (NIH). https://www.nih.gov/news-events/nih-research-matters/humans-can-identify-more-1-trillion-smells
  2. Friis, J. (2021). Why Does Tea Smell Better Than It Tastes? Deceived By Smell. Teasteeping. https://teasteeping.com/tea-smells-better-than-it-tastes/ 

Bronnen: Hoe de beleving van geur werkt #

  1.  Gillespie, C. (2021b, October 4). This Is Why We Associate Memories So Strongly With Specific Smells. Verywell Mind. https://www.verywellmind.com/why-do-we-associate-memories-so-strongly-with-specific-smells-5203963

Bronnen: De thee aroma tabel (geuren beschrijven) #

  1.  Tea aroma Wheel – ITMA. (n.d.). https://teamasters.org/itma-tea-aroma-wheel/ 
  2.  Gascoyne, K., Marchand, F., Desharnais, J., & AmĂ©rici, H. (2018). Tea: History, Terroirs, Varieties.
  3.  Wyndham, L. (2022). How does tea tantalize your sense of smell. T Ching. https://tching.com/2022/03/how-does-tea-tantalize-your-sense-of-smell/ 

Bronnen: Hoe de beleving van smaak werkt #

  1. Humans can identify more than 1 trillion smells. (2020, 7 mei). National Institutes of Health (NIH). https://www.nih.gov/news-events/nih-research-matters/humans-can-identify-more-1-trillion-smells

Bronnen: Thee en textuur #

  1. Ziekenhuis Oost-Limburg. (z.d.). Trigeminus neuralgie. https://www.zol.be/neurochirurgie/ziektebeelden/pijn-functionele-neurochirurgie/trigeminus-neuralgie

Bronnen: Hoe komt de kleur van een theesoort tot stand? #

  1.  Team, N. (2022). Your guide to tea colors explained by experts. Nio Teas. https://nioteas.com/blogs/tea-facts/tea-colors 
  2. Gebely, T. (2019, 22 februari). Chemical compounds in tea · Tea epicure. Tea Epicure. https://teaepicure.com/tea-chemistry/

Bronnen: Handige aanwijzingen voor het zetten van thee #

  1. Luo, H., & Ge, H. (2022). Hot tea consumption and Esophageal Cancer Risk: A Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies. Frontiers in Nutrition, 9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2022.831567

Bronnen: Thee en gezondheid (thee en biochemie) #

  1. Klepacka, J., ToĹ„ska, E., RafaĹ‚owski, R., Czarnowska-Kujawska, M., & Opara, B. (2021b). Tea as a Source of Biologically Active Compounds in the Human Diet. Molecules, 26(5), 1487. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26051487 
  2. Ministerie van Volksgezondheid, Welzijn en Sport. (2018, August 21). Thee – Achtergronddocument bij Richtlijnen goede voeding 2015. Advies | Gezondheidsraad. https://www.gezondheidsraad.nl/documenten/adviezen/2015/11/04/thee-achtergronddocument-bij-richtlijnen-goede-voeding-2015 
  3. Yang, C. S., & Landau, J. M. (2000). Effects of tea consumption on nutrition and health. Journal of Nutrition, 130(10), 2409–2412. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/130.10.2409 
  4. Rappaport, E. (2019b). A thirst for empire. Princeton University Press.

Bronnen: Recente onderzoeken naar de meest bekende gezondheidsvoordelen van thee #

  1.  Ministerie van Volksgezondheid, Welzijn en Sport. (2018, August 21). Thee – Achtergronddocument bij Richtlijnen goede voeding 2015. Advies | Gezondheidsraad. https://www.gezondheidsraad.nl/documenten/adviezen/2015/11/04/thee-achtergronddocument-bij-richtlijnen-goede-voeding-2015 
  2.  Voedingscentrum. (n.d.-b). Thee. https://www.voedingscentrum.nl/encyclopedie/thee.aspx#blokwelke-stoffen-zitten-er-in-thee
  3. Tang, G., Meng, X., Gan, R., Zhao, C., Liu, Q., Feng, Y., Li, S., Wei, X., Atanasov, A. G., Corke, H., & Li, H. (2019). Health functions and related molecular mechanisms of tea components: An update review. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20(24), 6196. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20246196 
  4. Hartley, L., Flowers, N., Holmes, J., Clarke, A., Stranges, S., Hooper, L., & Rees, K. (2013). Green and black tea for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. The Cochrane Library, 2013(6). https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd009934.pub2 
  5. Greyling, A., Ras, R. T., Zock, P., Lorenz, M., Hopman, M. T. E., Thijssen, D. H. J., & Draijer, R. (2014). The Effect of Black Tea on Blood Pressure: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. PLOS ONE, 9(7), e103247. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0103247 
  6. Taubert, D., Roesen, R., & Schömig, E. (2007). Effect of cocoa and tea intake on blood pressure. Archives of Internal Medicine, 167(7), 626. https://doi.org/10.1001/archinte.167.7.626 
  7. Liu, G., Mi, X., Zheng, X., Xu, Y., Lu, J., & Xiao-Hong, H. (2014). Effects of tea intake on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. British Journal of Nutrition, 112(7), 1043–1054. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0007114514001731 
  8. Hooper, L., Kroon, P. A., Rimm, E. B., Cohn, J. S., Harvey, I. C., Cornu, K. a. L., Ryder, J. J., Hall, W. L., & Cassidy, A. (2008). Flavonoids, flavonoid-rich foods, and cardiovascular risk: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 88(1), 38–50. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/88.1.38 
  9. Onakpoya, I., Spencer, E. A., Heneghan, C., & Thompson, M. (2014). The effect of green tea on blood pressure and lipid profile: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. Nutrition Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 24(8), 823–836. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2014.01.016 
  10. Khalesi, S., Sun, J., Buys, N. J., Jamshidi, A., Nikbakht-Nasrabadi, E., & Khosravi-Boroujeni, H. (2014). Green tea catechins and blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. European Journal of Nutrition, 53(6), 1299–1311. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-014-0720-1 
  11. Yang, W., Wang, W., Fan, W., Deng, Q., & Wang, X. (2013). Tea consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes: a dose–response meta-analysis of cohort studies. British Journal of Nutrition, 111(8), 1329–1339. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0007114513003887 
  12. Jing, Y., Han, G., Hu, Y., Bi, Y., Li, L., & Zhu, D. (2009). Tea consumption and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: A Meta-Analysis of Cohort Studies. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 24(5), 557–562. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-009-0929-5 
  13. Huxley, R. R., Lee, C., Barzi, F., Timmermeister, L., Czernichow, S., Perkovic, V., Grobbee, D. E., Batty, D., & Woodward, M. (2009). Coffee, decaffeinated coffee, and tea consumption in relation to incident type 2 diabetes mellitus. Archives of Internal Medicine, 169(22), 2053. https://doi.org/10.1001/archinternmed.2009.439 
  14. Antioxidants. (2021, March 3). The Nutrition Source. https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/antioxidants/ 
  15. THEANINE: Overview, uses, side effects, precautions, interactions, dosing and reviews. (n.d.-b). https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-1053/theanine 
  16. Waugh, D. T., Potter, W. T., Limeback, H., & Godfrey, M. E. R. (2016b). Risk Assessment of Fluoride Intake from Tea in the Republic of Ireland and its Implications for Public Health and Water Fluoridation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(3), 259. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13030259 

Bronnen: De bioactieve stoffen in thee #

  1.  Nutrition and Health Info Sheet: Phytochemicals. (n.d.). https://www.nutrition.ucdavis.edu
  2.  Voedingscentrum. (n.d.). Bioactieve stoffen. https://www.voedingscentrum.nl/encyclopedie/bioactieve-stoffen1.aspx 
  3. Tang, G., Meng, X., Gan, R., Zhao, C., Liu, Q., Feng, Y., Li, S., Wei, X., Atanasov, A. G., Corke, H., & Li, H. (2019). Health functions and related molecular mechanisms of tea components: An update review. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20(24), 6196. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20246196 

Bronnen: Thee en polyfenolen #

  1.  Voedingscentrum. (n.d.). Bioactieve stoffen. https://www.voedingscentrum.nl/encyclopedie/bioactieve-stoffen1.aspx 
  2. Tang, G., Meng, X., Gan, R., Zhao, C., Liu, Q., Feng, Y., Li, S., Wei, X., Atanasov, A. G., Corke, H., & Li, H. (2019). Health functions and related molecular mechanisms of tea components: An update review. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20(24), 6196. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20246196 
  3.  Ministerie van Volksgezondheid, Welzijn en Sport. (2018, August 21). Thee – Achtergronddocument bij Richtlijnen goede voeding 2015. Advies | Gezondheidsraad. https://www.gezondheidsraad.nl/documenten/adviezen/2015/11/04/thee-achtergronddocument-bij-richtlijnen-goede-voeding-2015 
  4. THEAFLAVIN: Overview, uses, side effects, precautions, interactions, dosing and reviews. (z.d.). https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-1173/theaflavin 
  5.  Sang, S. (2016b). Tea: Chemistry and Processing. In Elsevier eBooks (pp. 268–272). https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-384947-2.00685-1
  6. Huang, F., Zheng, X., Ma, X., Jiang, R., Zhou, W., Zhou, S., Zhang, Y., Li, S., Wang, S., Kuang, J., Xia, H., Wei, M., You, Y., Li, M., Li, Y., Liang, D., Liu, J., Chen, T., Yan, C., . . . Wang, J. (2019). Theabrownin from Pu-erh tea attenuates hypercholesterolemia via modulation of gut microbiota and bile acid metabolism. Nature Communications, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-12896-x 

Bronnen: Thee en pigmenten #

  1.  Gebely, T. (2019b, februari 22). Chemical compounds in tea · Tea epicure. Tea Epicure. https://teaepicure.com/tea-chemistry/

Bronnen: Thee en polysacchariden #

  1. Biology Dictionary. (2019). Polysaccharide. Biology Dictionary. https://biologydictionary.net/polysaccharide/#storage-of-energy 
  2. Du, L., Fu, Q., Xiang, L., Zheng, X., Lu, J., Ye, J., Li, Q., Polito, C. A., & Liang, Y. (2016b). Tea polysaccharides and their bioactivities. Molecules, 21(11), 1449. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules21111449 
  3. Wang, Q., Yang, X., Zhu, C., Liu, G., Sun, Y., & Qian, L. (2022). Advances in the utilization of tea polysaccharides: preparation, physicochemical properties, and health benefits. Polymers, 14(14), 2775. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14142775 
  4. Du, L., Fu, Q., Xiang, L., Zheng, X., Lu, J., Ye, J., Li, Q., Polito, C. A., & Liang, Y. (2016). Tea polysaccharides and their bioactivities. Molecules, 21(11), 1449. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules21111449 

Bronnen: Thee en alkaloĂŻden #

  1.  Zhang, S., Jin, J., Chen, J., Ercisli, S., & Chen, L. (2022). Purine alkaloids in tea plants: component, biosynthetic mechanism and genetic variation. Beverage Plant Research, 2(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.48130/bpr-2022-0013 
  2. Zhang, S., Jin, J., Chen, J., Ercisli, S., & Chen, L. (2022). Purine alkaloids in tea plants: component, biosynthetic mechanism and genetic variation. Beverage Plant Research, 2(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.48130/bpr-2022-0013 
  3. Habs, M., Binder, K., Krauss, S., MĂĽller, K., Ernst, B., Valentini, L., & Koller, M. (2017b). A Balanced Risk–Benefit Analysis to Determine Human Risks Associated with Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids (PA)—The Case of Tea and Herbal Infusions. Nutrients, 9(7), 717. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9070717 
  4. Adequate limit value for pyrrolizidine alkaloids in herbal tea and herbal preparations | RIVM. (n.d.). https://www.rivm.nl/en/news/adequate-limit-value-for-pyrrolizidine-alkaloids-in-herbal-tea-and-herbal-preparations 

Bronnen: Thee en vrije aminozuren #

  1. Aminozuren nader beschouwd. (n.d.). https://edepot.wur.nl/ 
  2. Trovato, M., Funck, D., Forlani, G., Okumoto, S., & Amir, R. (2021). Editorial: Amino Acids in Plants: Regulation and Functions in Development and Stress Defense. Frontiers in Plant Science, 12. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2021.772810 
  3. Li, M., Li, D., Tai, Y., Gu, C., Song, Y., Jiao, W., Ning, J., Wei, C., Gu, X., Ho, C., Hajano, J. U. D., & Wan, X. (2018). Determination of free amino acids in tea by a novel method of reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography applying 6-Aminoquinolyl-N-Hydroxysuccinimidyl carbamate reagent. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 55(10), 4276–4286. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-018-3366-9 
  4. THEANINE: Overview, uses, side effects, precautions, interactions, dosing and reviews. (n.d.). https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-1053/theanine 
  5. Horanni, R., & Engelhardt, U. H. (2013). Determination of amino acids in white, green, black, oolong, pu-erh teas and tea products. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 31(1), 94–100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2013.03.005 

Bronnen: Thee en saponinen #

  1. Fan, L., He, Y., Xu, Y., Li, P., Zhang, J., & Zhao, J. (2020). Triterpenoid saponins in tea (Camellia sinensis) plants: biosynthetic gene expression, content variations, chemical identification and cytotoxicity. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 72(3), 308–323. https://doi.org/10.1080/09637486.2020.1798891 
  2. Shi, J., Arunasalam, K., Yeung, D. F., Kakuda, Y., Mittal, G., & Jiang, Y. (2004). Saponins from Edible Legumes: Chemistry, Processing, and Health Benefits. Journal of Medicinal Food, 7(1), 67–78. https://doi.org/10.1089/109662004322984734 

Bronnen: Thee en cafeĂŻne (theĂŻne)  #

  1. Helmenstine, T. (2021, May 10). Today in Science History – March 25 – Friedrich Runge and the Discovery of Caffeine. Science Notes and Projects. https://sciencenotes.org/today-in-science-history-march-25-friedrich-runge/ 
  2.  Voedingscentrum. (n.d.-b). Thee. https://www.voedingscentrum.nl/encyclopedie/thee.aspx#blokwelke-stoffen-zitten-er-in-thee
  3.  Jill. (2020, February 26). Caffeine in tea: How much is in your brew? It’s More Than Tea. https://itsmorethantea.wordpress.com/2016/05/02/caffeine-in-tea-how-much-is-in-your-brew/ 
  4. Giesbrecht, T., Rycroft, J. A., Rowson, M., & De Bruin, E. A. (2010). The combination of L-theanine and caffeine improves cognitive performance and increases subjective alertness. Nutritional Neuroscience, 13(6), 283–290. https://doi.org/10.1179/147683010×12611460764840 
  5. Cartwright, R. A., Roberts, E. A. H., & Wood, D. (1954). Theanine, an amino-acidN-ethyl amide present in tea. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 5(12), 597–599. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740051208 
  6. Donaldson, B. (2021). Caffeine and L-Theanine in tea. T Ching. https://tching.com/2021/06/caffeine-and-l-theanine-in-tea/ 
  7. Rappaport, E. (2017). A thirst for empire. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctvc77m6j 
  8. Voedingscentrum. (n.d.-b). CafeĂŻne. https://www.voedingscentrum.nl/encyclopedie/cafeine.aspx 
  9. Graham TE (1997) The possible actions of methylxanthines on various tissues. In Reily T., Orme M (eds). The clinical pharmacology of sports and exercise. Elsevier Science, Amsterdam. 257-270 

Bronnen: De vitamines in thee #

  1.  Voedingscentrum. (n.d.-c). Vitamines. https://www.voedingscentrum.nl/encyclopedie/vitamines.aspx
  2. Collins, K. (2021, May 13). Is it true that drinking tea with milk keeps you from absorbing the healthful substances in tea? American Institute for Cancer Research. https://www.aicr.org/resources/blog/healthtalk-is-it-true-that-drinking-tea-with-milk-keeps-you-from-absorbing-the-healthful-substances-in-tea/ 
  3. Klepacka, J., ToĹ„ska, E., RafaĹ‚owski, R., Czarnowska-Kujawska, M., & Opara, B. (2021). Tea as a source of biologically active compounds in the human diet. Molecules, 26(5), 1487. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26051487 
  4. Nutrition – Green tea calories, protein, vitamins. (n.d.). Soupersage. https://www.soupersage.com/nutrition-calories-protein/green-tea
  5. Beverages, regular, brewed, green, tea nutrition facts and analysis. (n.d.). https://www.nutritionvalue.org/
  6.  FoodData Central. (n.d.). https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/171917/nutrients 
  7.  Nutrivore. (2023, May 21). Green tea nutrients. https://nutrivore.com/foods/green-tea-nutrients/#nutrivore-score-for-green-tea-3055 
  8.  Nutrivore. (2023a, May 21). Black tea nutrients. https://nutrivore.com/foods/black-tea-nutrients/ 
  9.  Voedingscentrum. (n.d.-d). Vitamines. https://www.voedingscentrum.nl/encyclopedie/vitamines.aspx
  10.  Tea Advisory Panel. (n.d.). https://www.teaadvisorypanel.com/ 

Bronnen: De mineralen in thee #

  1. Voedingscentrum. (n.d.-b). Mineralen. https://www.voedingscentrum.nl/encyclopedie/mineralen.aspx 
  2.  Nutrivore. (2022, December 29). Minerals. https://nutrivore.com/nutrients/minerals/ 
  3. Klepacka, J., ToĹ„ska, E., RafaĹ‚owski, R., Czarnowska-Kujawska, M., & Opara, B. (2021b). Tea as a Source of Biologically Active Compounds in the Human Diet. Molecules, 26(5), 1487. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26051487 
  4. Amini, F., & Dehghan, M. (2016). Effect of tea consumption on mineral absorption: A randomized controlled trial. Food Science & Nutrition, 4(1), 201-207. doi:10.1002/fsn3.332    
  5. Amini, F., & Dehghan, M. (2016). Effect of tea consumption on mineral absorption: A randomized controlled trial. Food Science & Nutrition, 4(1), 201-207. doi:10.1002/fsn3.332
  6. Voedingscentrum. (n.d.-d). Thee. https://www.voedingscentrum.nl/encyclopedie/thee.aspx#blokwelke-stoffen-zitten-er-in-thee
  7. Nutrivore. (2023c, May 21). Green tea nutrients. https://nutrivore.com/foods/green-tea-nutrients/#nutrivore-score-for-green-tea-3055

Bronnen: Thee en fluoride  #

  1. Waugh, D. T., Potter, W. T., Limeback, H., & Godfrey, M. E. R. (2016d). Risk Assessment of Fluoride Intake from Tea in the Republic of Ireland and its Implications for Public Health and Water Fluoridation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(3), 259. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13030259 
  2. Voedingscentrum. (n.d.-c). Fluoride. https://www.voedingscentrum.nl/encyclopedie/fluoride.aspx 
  3. Amini, F., & Dehghan, M. (2016). Effect of tea consumption on mineral absorption: A randomized controlled trial. Food Science & Nutrition, 4(1), 201-207. doi:10.1002/fsn3.332    

Bronnen: De invloed van het productieproces op de gezonde eigenschappen van thee #

  1.  Pettigrew, J., & Richardson, B. (2008b). Tea classified: A Tealover’s Companion. Anova Books.
  2. The science of tea. (n.d.). Science Learning Hub. https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/1661-the-science-of-tea 
  3. Gebely, T. (2019b, February 23). Tea processing step: oxidation · Tea epicure. Tea Epicure. https://teaepicure.com/tea-leaves-oxidation/ 
  4. Hu, T., Shi, S., & Qian, M. (2022). Modulation effects of microorganisms on tea in fermentation. Frontiers in Nutrition, 9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2022.931790 

Bronnen: Hoe kan je gezonde theezetten? #

  1. Dpt, C. W. (2021, October 19). 10 dangers of artificial sweeteners, plus natural alternatives you can turn to. NativePath. https://www.nativepath.com/blogs/nutrition/10-dangers-of-artificial-sweeteners-plus-natural-alternatives-you-can-turn-to 
  2. Avena, N. M., Rada, P., & Hoebel, B. G. (2008). Evidence for sugar addiction: Behavioral and neurochemical effects of intermittent, excessive sugar intake. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 32(1), 20–39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2007.04.019 
  3. Obesity, sugar and heart health. (2021, November 1). Johns Hopkins Medicine. https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/wellness-and-prevention/obesity-sugar-and-heart-health 
  4. NU.nl. (2021, August 5). Sluipsuiker in je thee: fabrikanten gebruiken het woord “aroma.” NU.nl. https://www.nu.nl/eten-en-drinken/6149445/sluipsuiker-in-je-thee-fabrikanten-gebruiken-het-woord-aroma.html 
  5. Voedingscentrum. (n.d.-b). CafeĂŻne. https://www.voedingscentrum.nl/encyclopedie/cafeine.aspx 
  6. Keenan, E., Finnie, M. D., Jones, P. S., Rogers, P. J., & Priestley, C. M. (2011). How much theanine in a cup of tea? Effects of tea type and method of preparation. Food Chemistry, 125(2), 588–594. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2010.08.071 
  7.  Amini, F., & Dehghan, M. (2016). Effect of tea consumption on mineral absorption: A randomized controlled trial. Food Science & Nutrition, 4(1), 201-207. doi:10.1002/fsn3.332 
  8. Drinking water. (n.d.). RIVM. https://www.rivm.nl/en/soil-and-water/drinking-water 
  9. Burger, E. (2023, March 30). Can I drink tap water in Amsterdam? DutchReview. https://dutchreview.com/expat/can-i-drink-tap-water-in-amsterdam/
  10. Beckett, E. (n.d.). What science says about getting the most out of your tea. The Conversation. https://theconversation.com/what-science-says-about-getting-the-most-out-of-your-tea-75767 
  11. Does tea lose its health benefits if it’s been stored a long time? And is it better to use loose tea or tea bags? (2011b, May 26). Tufts Now. https://now.tufts.edu/2011/05/26/does-tea-lose-its-health-benefits-if-its-been-stored-long-time-and-it-better-use-loose 
  12. Ahearne, M. (2014). Introduction to cell–hydrogel mechanosensing. Interface Focus, 4(2), 20130038. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsfs.2013.0038 
  13. Beckett, E. (n.d.). What science says about getting the most out of your tea. The Conversation. https://theconversation.com/what-science-says-about-getting-the-most-out-of-your-tea-75767 
  14. Vuong, Q. V., Tan, S. P., Stathopoulos, C. E., & Roach, P. D. (2012). Improved extraction of green tea components from teabags using the microwave oven. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 27(1), 95–101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2012.06.001 
  15. Vuong, Q. V., Tan, S. P., Stathopoulos, C. E., & Roach, P. D. (2012). Improved extraction of green tea components from teabags using the microwave oven. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 27(1), 95–101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2012.06.001 

Bronnen: Thee tijdens de zwangerschap en borstvoeding #

  1. Voedingscentrum. (n.d.-f). Thee. https://www.voedingscentrum.nl/encyclopedie/thee.aspx#blokwelke-stoffen-zitten-er-in-thee
  2. Voedingscentrum. (n.d.-f). Thee. https://www.voedingscentrum.nl/encyclopedie/thee.aspx#blokwelke-stoffen-zitten-er-in-thee
  3. Rhee, J., Kim, R., Kim, Y., Tam, M., Lai, Y., Keum, N., & Oldenburg, C. E. (2015). Maternal Caffeine Consumption during Pregnancy and Risk of Low Birth Weight: A Dose-Response Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies. PLOS ONE, 10(7), e0132334. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132334 
  4. Wikoff, D., Welsh, B. T., Henderson, R. G., Brorby, G. P., Britt, J. K., Myers, E. F., Goldberger, J. J., Lieberman, H. R., O’Brien, C. P., Peck, J. D., Tenenbein, M., Weaver, C. M., Harvey, S., Urban, J. D., & Doepker, C. (2017). Systematic review of the potential adverse effects of caffeine consumption in healthy adults, pregnant women, adolescents, and children. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 109, 585–648. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2017.04.002 
  5. Doepker, C., Franke, K., Myers, E. F., Goldberger, J. J., Lieberman, H. R., O’Brien, C. P., Peck, J. D., Tenenbein, M., Weaver, C. M., & Wikoff, D. (2018). Key findings and implications of a recent systematic review of the potential adverse effects of caffeine consumption in healthy adults, pregnant women, adolescents, and children. Nutrients, 10(10), 1536. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101536 
  6. Wikoff, D., Welsh, B. T., Henderson, R. G., Brorby, G. P., Britt, J. K., Myers, E. F., Goldberger, J. J., Lieberman, H. R., O’Brien, C. P., Peck, J. D., Tenenbein, M., Weaver, C. M., Harvey, S., Urban, J. D., & Doepker, C. (2017b). Systematic review of the potential adverse effects of caffeine consumption in 
  7. Kennedy, D., Lupattelli, A., Koren, G., & Nordeng, H. (2016). Safety classification of herbal medicines used in pregnancy in a multinational study. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 16(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-016-1079-z 
  8. Ahmed, M., Hwang, J. H., Choi, S. C., & Han, D. (2017). Safety classification of herbal medicines used among pregnant women in Asian countries: a systematic review. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 17(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-017-1995-6 
  9. Samavati, R., Ducza, E., Hajagos-Tóth, J., & Gáspár, R. (2017). Herbal laxatives and antiemetics in pregnancy. Reproductive Toxicology, 72, 153–158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reprotox.2017.06.041
  10. Gholami, F., Samani, L. N., Kashanian, M., Naseri, M., Hosseini, A. F., & Nejad, S. a. H. (2016). Onset of labor in Post-Term Pregnancy by Chamomile. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 18(11). https://doi.org/10.5812/ircmj.19871 
  11.  John, L. J., & Shantakumari, N. (2015). Herbal Medicines Use During Pregnancy: A Review from the Middle East. Oman Medical Journal, 30(4), 229–236. https://doi.org/10.5001/omj.2015.48 
  12. Miles, K. (2023). Herbs and herbal teas to avoid while breastfeeding. BabyCenter. https://www.babycenter.com/baby/breastfeeding/breast-milk-interactions-chart_8788 
  13. Kennedy, D., Lupattelli, A., Koren, G., & Nordeng, H. (2016b). Safety classification of herbal medicines used in pregnancy in a multinational study. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 16(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-016-1079-z 
  14. Dante, G., Pedrielli, G., Annessi, E., & Facchinetti, F. (2012). Herb remedies during pregnancy: a systematic review of controlled clinical trials. Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine, 26(3), 306–312. https://doi.org/10.3109/14767058.2012.722732 
  15. Ahmed, M., Hwang, J. H., Choi, S. C., & Han, D. (2017c). Safety classification of herbal medicines used among pregnant women in Asian countries: a systematic review. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 17(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-017-1995-6 
  16. Illamola, S. M., Amaeze, O., Krepkova, L., Birnbaum, A. K., Karanam, A., Job, K. M., Bortnikova, V., Sherwin, C. M., & Enioutina, E. Y. (2020). Use of herbal medicine by pregnant women: What physicians need to know. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2019.01483 
  17. Ahmed, M., Hwang, J. H., Choi, S. C., & Han, D. (2017d). Safety classification of herbal medicines used among pregnant women in Asian countries: a systematic review. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 17(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-017-1995-6  
  18. Kennedy, D., Lupattelli, A., Koren, G., & Nordeng, H. (2016c). Safety classification of herbal medicines used in pregnancy in a multinational study. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 16(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-016-1079-z 
  19. BuRO. (2020, November 16). Advies van BuRO over gezondheidsrisico’s borstvoedingsthee. Risicobeoordeling | NVWA. https://www.nvwa.nl/documenten/consument/eten-drinken-roken/overige-voedselveiligheid/risicobeoordelingen/advies-van-buro-over-gezondheidsrisico%E2%80%99s-borstvoedingsthee 

Bronnen: De geschiedenis van kruidengeneeskunde #

  1. Sumner, J. (2000). The natural history of medicinal plants. Timber Press (OR).
  2. Sumner, J. (2000). The natural history of medicinal plants. Timber Press (OR).
  3. Ekor, M. (2014). The growing use of herbal medicines: issues relating to adverse reactions and challenges in monitoring safety. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 4. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2013.00177 
  4. From Plant to Pill: How Do You Turn a Plant into Medicine? (n.d.). Elsevier. https://scitechconnect.elsevier.com/plant-to-pill-turn-plant-medicine/

Bronnen: De toepassing en effectiviteit van kruidenthee #

  1. Herbal medicine. (n.d.). Mount Sinai Health System. https://www.mountsinai.org/health-library/treatment/herbal-medicine

Bronnen: Veelgestelde vragen over thee en gezondheid #

  1. Voedingscentrum. (n.d.-d). Leer je baby water drinken. https://www.voedingscentrum.nl/nl/zwanger-en-kind/eerste-hapjes/leren-water-drinken.aspx

Bronnen: Potentiële negatieve effecten en bijwerkingen van thee #

  1. Waugh, D. T., Potter, W. T., Limeback, H., & Godfrey, M. E. R. (2016c). Risk Assessment of Fluoride Intake from Tea in the Republic of Ireland and its Implications for Public Health and Water Fluoridation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(3), 259. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13030259 
  2. Luo, H., & Ge, H. (2022). Hot tea consumption and Esophageal Cancer Risk: A Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies. Frontiers in Nutrition, 9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2022.831567 
  3. He, H., Shi, L., Guang, Y., You, M., & Vasseur, L. (2020). Ecological risk assessment of soil heavy metals and pesticide residues in tea plantations. Agriculture, 10(2), 47. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10020047 
  4. European Agency for Safety & Health at Work – Information, statistics, legislation and risk assessment tools. (n.d.). https://osha.europa.eu/en 

Bronnen: Factoren die de concentratie stoffen in thee bepalen #

  1. Klepacka, J., ToĹ„ska, E., RafaĹ‚owski, R., Czarnowska-Kujawska, M., & Opara, B. (2021b). Tea as a Source of Biologically Active Compounds in the Human Diet. Molecules, 26(5), 1487. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26051487 
  2. Tang, G., Meng, X., Gan, R., Zhao, C., Liu, Q., Feng, Y., Li, S., Wei, X., Atanasov, A. G., Corke, H., & Li, H. (2019b). Health functions and related molecular mechanisms of tea components: An update review. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20(24), 6196. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20246196 
  3. Ye, J., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., Hong, L., Jia, X., Kang, J., Lin, S., Wu, Z., & Wang, H. (2022). Improvement of soil acidification in tea plantations by long-term use of organic fertilizers and its effect on tea yield and quality. Frontiers in Plant Science, 13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2022.1055900 
  4. Beckett, E. (n.d.). What science says about getting the most out of your tea. The Conversation. https://theconversation.com/what-science-says-about-getting-the-most-out-of-your-tea-75767 
  5. Vuong, Q. V., Tan, S. P., Stathopoulos, C. E., & Roach, P. D. (2012). Improved extraction of green tea components from teabags using the microwave oven. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 27(1), 95–101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2012.06.001 

Bronnen: Theezakjes en losse thee? (een aantal afwegingen) #

  1. Rappaport, E. (2017b). A thirst for empire. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctvc77m6j

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